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Managing Pregnancy in a Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type III Patient in Indonesia: A Case Report

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source: Journal of Medical Case Reports

year: 2022

authors: Cempaka Thursina Srie Setyaningrum, Indra Sari Kusuma Harahap, Dian Kesumapramudya Nurputra, Irwan Taufiqur Rachman, Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap


Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic disorder characterized by degeneration of lower motor neurons, leading to progressive muscular atrophy, muscle weakness, and muscle paralysis. SMA is usually associated with defect of the survival motor neuron-1 (SMN-1) gene, localized in 5q11.2–q13.3. Classification of SMA is based on the age of onset and maximum motor function milestone achieved: SMA type I (Werdnig–Hoffmann disease) has onset in the first month of life, with a disability to sit unsupported and needing breathing support, with a survival chance of only up to 2-years old; SMA type II has onset between 6 and 18-months old, with the best motor ability to sit alone without support; SMA type III (Kugelberg–Welander disease) has onset between 18 months and 30-years old, with the ability to stand and walk without support; and SMA type IV has adulthood onset and tends to have normal mobility with mild muscle weakness.


organization: Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

DOI: 10.1186/s13256-021-03226-1

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